It is claimed that neurophilosophy has the goal of contextualizing. Contextualist epistemology has been criticized by several philosophers. Contextualism is opposed to any general form of Invariantism , which claims that knowledge is not context-sensitive i.
SSI claims that it is the context of the subject of the knowledge attribution that determines the epistemic standards, whereas Contextualism maintains it is the attributor. IRI, on the other hand, argues that it is the context of the practical interests of the subject of the knowledge attribution that determines the epistemic standards.
Stanley writes that bare IRI is "simply the claim that whether or not someone knows that p may be determined in part by practical facts about the subject's environment. Thus, any view which maintains that something other than knowledge attributions are context-sensitive is not, strictly speaking, a form of Contextualism.
An alternative to contextualism called contrastivism has been proposed by Jonathan Schaffer. Contrastivism, like contextualism, uses semantic approaches to tackle the problem of skepticism. Recent [ when? This research has proceeded by conducting experiments in which ordinary non-philosophers are presented with vignettes, then asked to report on the status of the knowledge ascription. The studies address contextualism by varying the context of the knowledge ascription, e.
In the studies completed up to , no support for contextualism has been found  : stakes have no impact on evidence.
ralfeipebukil.gq: The Case for Contextualism: Knowledge, Skepticism, and Context, Vol. 1 (): Keith DeRose: Books. Contextualism is the view that the epistemic standards that a subject must meet in order for a sentence attributing knowledge to her to be true vary according to.
More specifically, non-philosophical intuitions about knowledge attributions are not affected by the importance to the potential knower of the accuracy of that knowledge. These empirical studies for the most part have not been well designed for testing contextualism, which claims that the context of the attributor of "knowledge" affects the epistemic standards that govern their claims. These studies are more relevant to the evaluation of John Hawthorne's "Subject-Sensitive Invariantism" or Jason Stanley's "Interest-Relative Invariantism"—views on which the stakes for the putative subject of knowledge can affect whether that subject knows—than they are of contextualism.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about epistemological contextualism. For examination of semantic contextualism, see Context principle. Philosophy portal.
Annis, David. Buckwalter, Wesley Review of Philosophy and Psychology. Cappelen, H.
Cohen, Stuart. Cohen Stuart. DeRose, Keith.
Feldman, Richard. Feltz, Adam; Zarpentine, Chris Philosophical Psychology. Greco, J.
Foppe added it Jan 03, DeRose's strategy here is novel and bold -- he posits truth-value gaps in many cases of prima facie difficulty for the contextualist. Enhanced bibliography for this entry at PhilPapers , with links to its database. This book argues that contextualism is true and is superior to its rival, invariantism, in both of the latter's main forms: classical invariantism and subject-sensitive invariantism. While they grant that the latter portion of CKAs express epistemic possibility, they recommend thinking of what is epistemically possible for a subject in terms of those things which his evidence, rather than what he knows, does not rule out.
DeRose, K. Dretske, F. Feldman, R. Fogelin, R. Goldman, A. Grice, H. Cole and J. Reprinted in Studies in the Way of Words , ed.
Grice, pp. New York: Academic Press, Hawthorne, J. Oxford: Clarendon Press. Heller, M.
Klein, P. Lewis, D. But no matter whether you agree with him or not: I highly recommend this book to everyone interested in epistemology.
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Gratis verzending 30 dagen bedenktijd en gratis retourneren Ophalen bij een bol. Laat het voor je inpakken en bezorgen. Anderen bekeken ook. Peter Baumann Epistemic Contextualism 61, Rachel Mckinnon The Norms of Assertion 87, Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa Contextualising Knowledge 55, Kieran Setiya Practical Knowledge 72,